Women experience different issues; diabetes is one of them. However, a certain type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and is referred to as Gestational Diabetes. This typically occurs during gestation and is a form of high blood sugar that affects only pregnant women. According to research gestational diabetes occurs because of hormonal changes during pregnancy. Increased levels of certain hormones interfere with the body’s ability to manage blood sugar. If a pregnant woman’s pancreas is unable to produce more insulin to overcome the effects of additional hormones in the body, blood sugar levels will rise, resulting in gestational diabetes.

Usually, a blood sugar test during the pregnancy is used for diagnosis. Research says that women with gestational diabetes and their babies are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in the future. This type of diabetes can affect the pregnancy and the baby’s health.

Older mothers are at a higher risk of developing this type of diabetes. It usually develops in the third trimester (after 28 weeks) and in most cases disappears after the baby is born. In older moms, gestational diabetes can also increase the risk of premature birth, high blood pressure during pregnancy, and complications to your infant after delivery.

However, with every medical condition, there are various ways to manage and ensure a healthy mother and child. The most important thing to get done is a diagnosis, usually, a blood sugar test is done occasionally during pregnancy to check the level of blood sugar. It has been advised to do this before breakfast and one hour after each meal. A healthy diet can not be over-emphasized in pregnancy. It is advisable to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and avoid skipping meals. Your body needs as many nutrients as it can get. Avoid sugary foods and drinks as much as possible.

Exercise, Exercise, and Exercise. Most pregnant women dread the word exercising. It really does not have to be rigorous. Physical activity lowers your blood glucose level, so regular exercise can be an effective way to manage gestational diabetes. There are advisable exercises pregnant women can engage in. Simply taking an evening walk constantly is a form of exercise.

There is also specific medication that may be used to treat gestational diabetes if after trying all the above. However, it is important to closely monitor your pregnancy, visit the hospital as frequently as possible to check the health of you and the baby.